World Environment day is celebrated every year on June 5.
Theme : Focus on “Time For Nature “ and providing the essential infrastructure that support life on Earth and human development.
Host Nation : Colombia in partnership with Germany .
World Environment day :
World Environment day : Established by UN General Assembly in 1972 in Stockholm conference. Discussion on human Environment in Stockholm conference .
In 1974 First world Environment day was celebrated and Theme was “Only One Earth “.
In 1987 decision was taken that different countries will host World Environment day in different years.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) with over 150 countries participate in World Environment day.
Present Scenario :
Year 2020 is an year for urgency, ambition and action to address the crisis being faced by the nature. Air pollution accounts for 9% of the total deaths globally. Today air pollution is one of the leading risk factor for breathing related disease. According to WHO reports an estimated seven million people dies from Air Pollution every year.
Air pollution: Air quality Index is based on measurement of particulate matter PM 2.5, PM 10, Ozone(O3) , Nitrogen Dioxide(NO2), Sulphur Dioxide (SO2) and Carbon Monoxide (CO) emissions.
China will host the 15th meeting of the conference of parties (COP 15), to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, China is committed to preserve and restore Biodiversity. But China is accountable for Corona Virus COVID-19 outbreak and almost whole world is facing its consequences.
Approximately 4 lakh people have died and 6.3 lakh tested positive due to China’s slipshod. China is most Carbon emitting country in the world and China still has highest number of coal based industry in world. COP 15 was scheduled to take place in October 2020, but might be rescheduled for 2021, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
According to NPR reports Air pollution has decreased by 15% approximately. Purity of river water has also improved, fog and smoke in air has decreased. Corona outbreak has had some positive impacts on climate change , Air Pollution and global warming. Due to corona outbreak whole world is under lockdown form past three months, and all kind of activities has stopped like Industry, Factory, Mall, Cinema, Construction, every thing except some essential work like medical.
World is committed to reduce pollution and looking for devise to improve Air Quality. Air Quality has improved due to corona outbreak but it has now become a matter of life and death for the world. This can’t be a solution for improvement of environment. When we talk about Biodiversity it includes all Human, Animal, River, Air, Mountain, Forest every thing. Corona might heal the environment but environment without human existence is something which is beyond imagination .